CLIMATE CHANGE AND ALLERGIC RESPIRATORY DISEASE: AN OVERVIEW OF EFFECTS ON CHILDREN’S HEALTH
by Leo Sun
Abstract – Allergic respiratory disease and asthma, which each impact an estimated 20% of the population, are increasing in prevalence with the influence of climate change. Changing weather patterns resulting in stronger storms and worsening air pollution contribute to the threat that climate change poses to public respiratory health, increasing disease incidence and strengthening harmful exacerbations. Since children spend more time outdoors and have less resistance to air pollutants and aeroallergens, they are more susceptible to diseases like asthma and allergic rhinitis. Allergic respiratory disease has significant damaging effects on quality of life, causing physical health problems and hindering social and academic aspects of daily life. A systematic review was conducted to discuss the impacts of climate change on respiratory health, especially in children and adolescents. Action can and must be taken to prevent further health complications in the future—more widespread treatment methods, awareness of climate issues, and policy changes will go a long way.